Boxing was among the most popular sports practiced in ancient Greece and was one of the ancient disciplines of the Olympic Games. The Romans adopted the sport as they did with almost all of Greek culture, but in Rome suitors wore metal protectors to fight in order to protect their hands. These protectors were called “cestus” and they had a nail on the outside, so more than once the rival was killed in a boxing match.
Although boxing and fighting have always been confused as interchangeable terms, they are different sports, as what was generically called fighting more often refers to wrestling. However, boxing is over 4000 BC. The first boxing records come from Egypt and the East before it became a classic sport in Greece. In modern times, boxing appears in the records after the Duke of Alberman staged a fight between his butler and the butcher in England around 1681.
Now, boxing did not appear, as we know it today, until the 18th century when it was practiced for money, but boxing gloves were not yet part of a boxer’s equipment. . However, it is known that the money involved in these matches came from spectators betting on the contenders.
In 1719, boxing had its first heavyweight champion, the Englishman James Figg, and another champion John Broughton formulated the first boxing regulations in 1743, regulations which were amended and changed for about a century.
In 1865, the Marquis of Queensberry implemented the regulations that remain to this day requiring the wearing of gloves, hence the last heavyweight champion in the bare cut was John L. Sullivan who took over. defeated against Jake Kilrain in 1889. Even thought, he lost the championship in New Orleans, Louisiana on September 7, 1892 when he was defeated by James Corbett in a fight in which he had to wear gloves.
The first recognized lightweight world champion was English boxer Billy Edwards who won the title by fighting American boxer Tom Collins, in a historic fight that began on May 24, 1871 and ended on December 6 of the same year. On the day of the fighting, police appeared at the scene and the boxers were arrested, but resumed the match two days later after paying S1000, but later they were taken to jail and only after appealing to the court, they regained their freedom and the right to conclude the match that year.
By the turn of the century, boxing became popular around the world, and the first notable fight of 1900 took place on Coney Island with a match between Jeffries and Corbett. In 1908, Jack Johnson defeated Tommy Burns in Sidney, Australia, and became their first black boxer to win a heavyweight title in boxing history.