1) When taking taxis from an airport to your hotel, travel in the most expensive airport taxis and make sure the drivers have official ID. Never take a taxi waiting outside the airport.
I know it sounds extreme, but far better to be safe than sorry.
2) When traveling from your hotel to the airport, take a taxi recommended by the hotel.
Again, taxis can be very dangerous. I cannot express it enough.
3) Try not to arrive in a new town or village late at night.
This can go wrong in several ways. It is much easier to check in during the day and the security at night in some areas is just awful.
4) Travel in a group if possible.
Since when is traveling in large numbers a good idea?
5) Learn the basics of the local language before you arrive. Don’t expect people to speak English.
English is spoken more and more these days, but you want to be sure. You should always check these things out before you arrive.
6) Keep your valuables hidden.
A wallet belt is great if that’s an option you’re willing to consider. There are many styles of coin purses. One of the most popular is an “over the shoulder” style wallet on a strap that you were under your top. This makes it very difficult for a thief to run away with your valuables.
7) Avoid going alone to remote areas / ruins that tourists are expected to visit. Seek out local tips or take a guide.
8) Read the guides and talk with other tourists to find out which areas to avoid.
9) When you leave the discos late at night, take a taxi home, no matter how close your hostel is. Outside of most nightclubs you will find a street vendor selling cigarettes. Usually, these people know all the taxi drivers and can recommend a safe taxi.
10) When arriving in a new city, stick to your original plan and stay in the hostel you have chosen. Don’t let the taxi driver persuade you that your hostel is full and he knows a cheaper and better one. He will work to order and the hostel is unlikely to be in a safe part of town.
11) Even better, when arriving on a track / train in a new city, try to book your hotel in advance, preferably with a hotel that has an airport / station pickup service.
12) Don’t wear expensive jewelry.
13) When using public transport, keep your backpack handy at all times, preferably with the straps around your legs or padlocked on the luggage rack. On buses, your backpack will normally go outside, either on the roof or in the external luggage compartments. On long-distance buses, ask for a receipt for your luggage. On short trips, keep a watchful eye whenever the bus stops to unload bags. If your luggage is stolen, stay with the bus – you will likely need a statement from the bus company accepting responsibility for the loss in order to claim money from your insurance company.
14) Leave your valuables in your hotel safe on day trips or longer tours. Get a receipt not only for your wallet / wallet etc, but for its contents, with every item listed.
15) If you need to leave your passport and credit cards together, place the credit card in a sealed envelope and sign your name on the flap. This way, when you return, you will know that nothing has been tampered with.
16) If you plan to go to markets, crowded streets, parties, etc., don’t go with all of your valuables. Leave them at the hotel. If you are planning to buy something expensive, keep your money safe in a wallet. Try to be discreet when opening it! To protect the small change in your pockets, you can put a tissue afterwards.
17) If the sidewalks are really crowded, especially in market areas, walk on the road.
18) If you think someone is following you, stop and look them in the eye until they leave. If you really have a bad feeling about a place, go with your first instincts and go. Bag cuts are rare these days, but for added security you can wear your backpack on your chest.
19) If it’s on your back, try to walk without stopping. If you must stop, gently rock your bag from side to side so you can feel if someone is handling it.
20) When putting your bag on the floor, taking a picture, or just sitting in a cafe, remember to put your foot through the strap. Not only will it be impossible to tear off, but you won’t forget it either! This is the most common type of theft – tourists leave their bags in cafes and, on their return, ask if anyone has seen it, you guessed it, let’s go.